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British Journal of Photography Almanac Annual Summary of Photographic Inventions and Events in Photographic History/1914

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Edited by George E. Brown, F.I.C

AMONG those whose deaths have taken place in since the publication of the 1913 ALMANAC are: -
George Houghton (July 20, 1913) A.H. Harman (June 1913)
E.W. Foxlee (March 28, 1913) A.D. Godbold (June 25, 1913)
Lord Crawford (Jan. 31, 1913) W.I. Chadwick (June 6, 1913)
Catherine Weed Ward (July 31, 1913)
(Mrs. Snowden Ward)
A.E. Staley (August 4, 1913)

Mr. George Houghton was the chairman of the board of directors of Houghton, Limited, and was exceedingly well-known and respected throughout the whole trade. He was born in 1836 at 89, High Holborn, a couple of years after his father had joined partnership with Mr. Claudet. The firm of Claudet and Houghton held the sole rights for the then new patent process of photography (Daguerreotype), and anyone desirous of taking or producing photographs had to obtain a license form the Houghton firm before they could do so. From the making of Daguerreotypes and the granting of licenses for the process, the supplying and manufacturing of the various materials and apparatus required was a natural transition. Mr. George Houghton joined the firm in 1852 and the style became George Houghton and Son, a name which it retained until 1904, when it became Houghtons, Limited.

Mr. George Houghton’s life was an exceedingly active and strenuous one and it was due to his great ability, powers of organization and foresight that the photographic business of Houghtons, Limited, was increased in his lifetime form a department consisting of four persons to a large manufacturing and distributing business employing over 1, 500 people. Mr. Houghton’s personality was always a strong one, and his position as head of the photographic trade was due to his integrity and his high sense of justice. He was often appealed to by those in the photographic business, for his judgment and opinion were highly valued. As an employer he was held in affectionate regard by those who were closely associated with him.

It is ad to record that Mrs. Houghton survived her husband only a few hours, having been taken ill a day or two previous to Mr. Houghton’s death, and dying on the same day at the age of seventy. Mr. Houghton was seventy-seven.


For over forty years Mr. E. W. Foxlee was associated with “The British Journal of Photography” as a contributor and reviewer. In his early days he was engaged professionally in photographic portraiture. He was a worker in the Daguerreotype process, and was actively connected with the progress of photographic processes through the days of collodion positives and wet collodion, and down to the ear of dry-plate emulsions. Most of his work, however, concerned the carbon and other methods of bichromate printing, and for some years he was actively connected with the manufacture of carbon tissue by the Autotype Company. He was a life-long member of the Photographic Club. His interests covered a wide field. Apart form the practice of technical photography, to which he made many valuable contributions, he specially interested himself in the questions of copyright protection of photographs, and many of the contributions in the “Journal” which kept photographers informed of their rights and liabilities under the Copyright Act of 1862 were from his pen. Of a retiring and most modest temperament, he was known only by name to perhaps the majority of the photographic world of recent years. At the time of his death, which took place after a painful illness of more than two years, Mr. Foxlee was over eighty years of age.


Distinguished in many ways as a man of science, an explorer, a sportsman, and a collector, Lord Crawford has very close associations with photography as president of the Royal Photographic Society, chairman of the Affiliation, and, at the time of his death, as president of the Camera Club. In particular the years of his occupancy of the presidential char of the “Royal” will be remembered as the most prosperous and progressive of that body. Lord Crawford was not only a learned and scientific man: he was an excellent man of business, and his direction of the Society’s affairs and of the proceedings of its council were characterized by great foresight and knowledge of human nature. Lord Crawford was president of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1878 and 1879, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1878. He had much mechanical knowledge and skill, and his name is associated with a notable heliometer, which was made for his Mauritius expedition and afterwards passed into the custody of Sir David Gill at the Cape, and thence ultimately to Edinburgh.

Again, Lord Crawford was a great yachtsman and the owner of the steam yacht “Valhalla,” in which he mad a long and memorable voyage, from November, 1905 to May, 1906. During these months he visited South America, South Africa, Ceylon, and the island of Madagascar, and he carried out the mails to the remote island of Tristan de Cunha. The voyage wasnot merely undertaken for pleasure; Lord Crawford made it a scientific expedition, and took with him, as he had done on a previous voyage, a trained ornithologist, and as a result thirty-four birds, representing sixteen species-some of which were great rarities-were presented to the Zoological Society.


Mrs. Snowden Ward survived her husband by little more than eighteen months. Since his decease she had continued to live at Golden Green, Hadlow, Kent, and failing health prevented her from undertaking any active work. She was one of the most enthusiastic amateur photographers, for though she began using a camera in 1888 and continued practicing her hobby almost incessantly, she never lost the sense of pleasure in taking and making photographs, yet remained averse form the more recent developments in methods of photographic printing. Photographic journalism had an early attraction for her, and prior to her marriage and residence in England she was for some time managing editor of the American “Amateur Photographer” and a contributor on photographic topics to a number of the general journals in the United States. Of late years almost all of her photographic work was in the direction of obtaining records of scenes of literary or antiquarian interests. She made the great bulk of the illustrations of her husband’s books and lectures on Dickens, Shakespeare, and Chaucer; the negatives accumulated for this purpose and in her previous travels in England numbered some 10,000.


A. H. Harman was one of the pioneers in the commercial manufacture of gelatine dry plates and the founder of the Britannia Works Co., Limited, now Ilford, Limited. Of late years he had severed his connection with the technical and business interests which occupied him in middle life. He was a prominent churchman, and as a result of his generosity Grayswood, Haselmere, was, in 1900, made a separate ecclesiastical parish, with its own church and vicarage. The capital providing the endowment sufficient for an income for the incumbent of £300 a year was the gift of Mr. Harman, who at the time of his death was about seventy years of age.


For some years Mr. A. D. Godbold acted as editor and manager of the “Photographic Monthly, “ in succession to the late Snowden Ward, and on the suspension of that publication had been connected with several firms in the photographic trade. Only a few weeks before his death he had become connected with a photographic Press agency, and it was in the interests of that business that he took a journey to the north of Ireland, where he caught a severe chill which resulted in his death. A popular member of the London Camera Club, Mr. Godbold was esteemed in the many photographic circles in which he moved. At the time of his death he was only forty-five years of age.


Councilor W. I Chadwick, of Thornton, near Blackpool, was a notable personage in the amateur photographic world, and one of the best known writers and workers in microscopical and stereoscopic photography. He was also a prominent lecturer on photography, and had delivered his lectures all over the country in aid of charitable objects.


Mr. William Henry Prestwich was one of the oldest professional workers and experimenters in photography. His business career in Reading and London covered a period of over fifty years. His work in photography was not by any means limited to portrait making; he was also actively interested in the experimental side of emulsion making, in which branch of work he will perhaps be best remembered by his introduction of starch in making of matt bromide papers. At the time of his death Mr. Prestwich was eighty-one years of age.


For some four months prior to his decease Mr. Staley had been in a very critical state of health as the result of a paralytic seizure. His death removed a most prominent and popular figure from the ranks of photographic trading, and one, too, whose business connection with photography goes back a considerable number of years. Mr. Staley was formerly in the firm of Messrs. Chas. Reynolds and Co., wholesale dealers in fancy goods, and whilst with them established and conducted a photographic branch of the business. On going into business on his own account he first dealt largely in French rapid rectilinear lenses, and next with the between-lens type of shutter, of which he was one of the first in this country to sell large numbers. Subsequently Mr. Staley acted as agent of the Rochester Camera Co., and until the amalgamation of this firm with the Eastman Kodak Co., as manager of the London house. During the past few years his interest had been chiefly in the direction of the London business of the Bausch and Lomb Company. Of great energy and activity, the late Mr. Staley did not look his sixty-nine years.

Among others whose deaths have taken place during the past year are: ¬Hans Müller, an old and popular member of the Photographic club; W. Havey Barton, one of the first photographers in Bristol, and head of the art-publishing firm bearing his name; John Adamson, of Rothesay, one of the oldest professional photographers in the United Kingdom, Dr. Tempest Anderson, of York, and Joseph Epstein, member of the Bristol frame-making firm.